Cisternino

 

Cisternino (Cistraníne in the local dialect) is an Italian town of 12,076 inhabitants in the province of Brindisi in Puglia. Until 1927 it was part of the Land of Bari It overlooks the valley Itria, the so-called Murgia of Trulli.

The territory of the town of Cisternino was inhabited since the Paleolithic Middle-Upper, from human nuclei from the north of the peninsula or from the Sicilian-African who left the hills where fixed their seasonal camps, many traces of their lives, devoted to hunting and gathering wild fruits and tubers. Even today, in the area of ​​Mount Mirror, on the hills to remain uncultivated and the cliffs of the Serra Amara, are found prehistoric tools of every kind: the tips of spears, knives, scrapers and chisels to carve bones. These human communities came increasingly thickening, reaching a considerable number of settlements in the Bronze Age; dozens of stations of this age have recently been localized in various parts of the territory and those of Maselli, Hibernia small Carperi, Mount d'Alessio, upstream and Fergole Figazzano, have considerable importance for understanding the prehistory of Brindisi.

The name derives Cisternino Sturnoi eponymous hero, companion of Diomedes, who, after the Trojan War would have founded a nearby town that later occupied by the Romans, was called Sturninum, the current Ostuni. The town was sacked by the Goths and then he would go to ruin.

The current center of Cisternino would be reborn thanks to the Basilian monks in the Middle Ages, they called Cis-sturnium (on this side of Sturnium (Ostuni.) The first witness on the Casale di Cisternino is given by the discovery, beneath the Romanesque church St. Nicholas, the remains of a small Christian church, built around 1000 realistically. Pope Alexander III, a papal bull of February 26, 1180 assigned this church and the Hamlet of Cisternino the Bishop of Monopoli.

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