Alberobello

Alberobello is an Italian town of 11,000 inhabitants in the province of Bari, in Puglia, in the center of the Itria Valley and the Land of the Trulli. The origin of the name has been the subject of studies and recent contributions that "The original name of the Selva was "Silva Alborelli , as follows from oldest authentic document to the attention of scholars, namely the Diploma of investiture of 15 May 1481 of King Ferrante of Aragon, by which the goods of the deceased Count Giuliantonio I, the hero of Otranto, were assigned to his son Andrea Matteo illiterate. In this document , derived from the Great Archive of Naples, Reg Privil. FoI. 32 and 59, VoI. 39, and reported in the text, p. 319 of the remarkable history of Conversano, reads literally, "Silva Alborelli in Bari province our Earth". Famous for its typical houses called trulli that, since 1996, are UNESCO World Heritage Site, is part of the Itria Valley.

The first human settlement of the area took only start in the early years of the sixteenth century at the instigation of Count of Conversano III Andrea Matteo Acquaviva d'Aragona, son of the famous Count Giulio Antonio Acquaviva, who fell in 1481 at Otranto in the war against the Turks. Count Andrea Matteo introduced by the estate of nuts about forty families of farmers to reclaim and cultivate the land, with the obligation to hand over a tenth of crops. Its successor , the powerful Count Gian Girolamo II said Guercio of Apulia (1600-1665), who had erected a hunting lodge and an inn on the spot, began the real urban wilderness with the construction of a cluster of houses. The abundance of calcareous sedimentary material and the authorization of the count only to build houses with stone walls without the use of mortar , which are the trulli, contributed to the expansion of the agglomeration urbano.Tale obligation to build homes only with dry-stone of the Count was an expedient to avoid paying taxes to the Spanish Viceroy of the Kingdom of Naples in accordance with the Pragmatic Baronibus, the law in force until 1700, according to which the construction of a new town involved in the first place, the Royal agreement and the payment of taxes in a row by the Baron to the Royal Court.

Alberobello was a fief of the Acquaviva d'Aragona up to 27 May 1797, when King Ferdinand IV of Bourbon welcomed the instance of Alberobello and issued a decree by which elevated the small village to the royal city, freeing it from feudal serfdom. Until the first half of the twentieth century, the old town of Villa Castelli were mainly from Trulli, of which there are few examples. Alberobello is now the only city in which there is still a whole quarter of the trulli and stands as the cultural capital of the trulli of Valle d'Itria.

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