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Place: Alberobello (BA)
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 Trulli ( from late τρούλος trúlos greek , ancient greek τροῦλλος Trullos , " dome " ) are old stone buildings , conical dry , typical and unique originiprotostoriche of the central-southern Apulia . Despite areas of development of the trulli is repertiarcheologici they come from the prehistoric era , or foundations of stone huts dating back to the Bronze Age , there is no particularly ancient trulli : this is justified by the fact that rather than undertake the repair of the same in the case of instability , it is preferred to tear it down and rebuild it for economic reasons, reusing the materiale.I oldest trulli which we trace remains today were built in the sixteenth century near the plateau of Murgia.I Puglia Trulli of Alberobello has been declared world Heritage of ' humanity by UNESCO.

The Trulli can be counted among the examples of ancestral prototype of modular buildings in the twentieth century , with the statement of rationalist , would have had their exploits. They may be composed of a simple compartment (module unit ), or by the combination of multiple environments ( modules ) , which are typically added by budding around the central compartment.
The unit has a modular construction of the trullo plant approximately circular , on cuiperimetro you set the dry wall thickness very high. This solution , on the one hand greatly narrows the interior , but on the other hand , coupled with the almost total absence of openings with the exception of the front door , and, rarely , a small hole in the top of the window fitted to ensure a minimum of parts air inside , makes it a very interesting example, " forerunners of " green building passive . The great thickness of the walls , combined with the small number and size of the openings ( often only the front door and up to the tiny square window that acts as a vent to the very low cabinet created inside the hygienic requirements for the Second World War ) ensures a ' high thermal inertia , which provides good heat retention inside during the winter and cold days , as well as cool in summer retains the same walls that have accumulated during the cold season and that will give up little by little until the second half of August [citation needed] , when , as a result of the thermal inversion , there is a greater feeling of warmth inside and not outside.
The load-bearing walls , built as described , are supplemented by a pseudo- dome that forms the cover. This consists in a self-supporting structure - in the sense that it does not require cambering - consists of a concentric series of horizontal plates arranged in steps falling more and more , as they go upward , in which each complete revolution is statically balanced with the lower ones. This inner layer of calcareous plates of greater thickness , said chianca , is completed by the external one , constituting the real roof , slabs thinner , dettechiancarelle , terminating in a keystone frequently carved with decorative stone elements esoteric character , spiritual or superstitious , protruding at the top of the fan 

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