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Address: Strada Comunale delle Carceri
Place: Fasano (BR)
Web site: www.egnaziaonline.it
Phone: 080 4829056
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Egnatia is an ancient city in Apulia (of which only ruins remain today), near present Fasano. It was the center of the Messapians place at the border between Peucezia (north) and the Messapia (south), along the so-called threshold messapica; language messapica was called gnathia, while it was called by the Romans and Greeks Egnatia or Gnatia Egnatia or gnathia.

Mentioned by Pliny, Strabo and Horace, who recalls in a Satyra that tells of his journey from Rome to Brindisi. Now in the province of Brindisi (near the border with the Bari) and a few miles north of Savelletri, the center of Egnatia is one of the most interesting archaeological sites of Apulia; for the substantial findings of a particular type of ceramic, has given its name to a style of decorative pottery of the fourth and third centuries BC, called "style Gnatia", although it was certainly not the main production center.

The history of the ancient gnathia was articulated over many centuries. The first settlement, consisting of a village of huts, was built in the fifteenth century BC (Bronze Age), and the site was certainly popular in the thirteenth century BC, during the postmicenea, as evidenced by the piling holes (still in the Bronze Age). In the eleventh century B.C. (Iron Age) there is an invasion of peoples from the Balkans, the Iapigi, while the eighth century BC phase begins messapica for Egnatia, as for all the Salento, will cease with the Roman occupation occurred from the third century BC The city will then become part of the first republic (as civitas foederata probably after 267-266 BC, and as a municipium after the Social War) and then the Roman Empire and decay with it. Messapica phase of Egnatia remain the mighty defensive walls and necropolis, where in addition to graves and half-chamber, there are monumental chamber tombs decorated with fine frescoes.

Little is known of his end, but it is very likely that it, like many other cities, has been sacked by the Goths of Totila king during the war greek-Gothic (around 545 AD). It is also believed that the spread in the early Christian era, malaria and insecurity given by its location (in the Middle Ages were very frequent Saracen raids along the coast) have pushed the few remaining inhabitants to take refuge in the hinterland hamlets (so was born Fasano, along with other small towns, and developed Monopoly). The archaeological site was under the jurisdiction of the town of Monopoli until 1927, the year of establishment of the province of Brindisi, during which the site and the whole area of the countryside surrounding it came under the jurisdiction of the municipality of Fasano and then the newly -formed province of Salento.

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